Become an Election Judge

Party Affiliation

State law requires that election judges represent either the Democratic or Republican Party. Five judges are assigned to each precinct – 2 of one party and three of the other. If there are more judges available for a precinct than needed, some will serve as alternate judges or may be assigned to precincts other than their own where vacancies exist. Our goal is to have a full staff of judges from each precinct.


To qualify as an election judge a person must (10 ILCS 5/14-1)

  • Be a citizen of the United States
  • Be of good repute and character and not subject to the Sex Offender Registration Act
  • Be able to speak, read and write the English language (and in this area we are also looking for bi-lingual judges that are capable in Spanish)
  • Be able to add, subtract, multiply and divide
  • Not be a candidate for any office – not an elected committeeman
  • Reside and be entitled to vote in the precinct in which they are selected to serve

Election Judge Appointment and Placement

Election judges are selected by the Election Commission after appointment by the Democratic or Republican Party Chairman. Registered voters may contact their precinct committeeperson or local party chairman if they are interested in serving as an election judge, or call the Election Commission office. If the County parties are unable to come up with judge candidates, the Commission may run an ad in the local newspaper, or accept candidates from the application attached to the voter card that have been returned.

The number of Democratic or Republican judges is determined by the parties represented on the Board of Election Commissioners. The party which holds the majority on the Board receives 3 judges in the even-numbered precincts and 2 judges in the odd-number precincts. The party holding the minority on the board receives 2 judges in the even-numbered precincts and 3 judges in the odd-numbered precincts. If the make-up of the board changes the make-up of the 5 judges in each precinct would then change. (10 ILCS5/14-4)

Once selections are made, the list is filed in the Circuit Court and approved by the chief judge if there are no objections to any judge on the list.

Length of Term

Election Judges are expected to work all elections within a two-year term of office (three or four). At the end of the term, the judges will be recertified for another term of office. If for any reason a judge is unable to work an election or does not wish to continue as a judge, the Election Commission should be notified as soon as possible.

Become Involved!

Download, fill out and return this Election Judge Application to

Danville Election Commission
201 N Vermilion – Lower Level
Danville, IL 61832

or e-mail to:

Training Materials

Below are 2 Election Judge pdf training documents to get started!

Student Judges

A high school senior or junior may apply to be an Election Judge even though that student is not old enough to register to vote. Student Judges share the same responsibilities and hold the same authority as the other Election Judges.

To qualify as a student judge you must:

  • Be a high school senior or junior in good standing.
  • Maintain at least a 3.0 GPA on a 4.0 scale
  • Be a U.S. Citizen
  • Satisfactorily completes a training course for election judges held by the Election Commission
  • Meets all other qualifications for appointment and service as an Election Judge
  • Has written approval of the principal of the student attended and his or her parents or legal guardian